September 22, 2013
Scripture and Commentary, Monday after Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity
Morning – Psalm 18:1-20, I Kings 12:1-11, 1 Thes. 5:12
Evening – Psalm 7, Job 3:1-20, Mt. 12:1-13
Commentary, Matthew 12:1-13
Obviously the corn our Lord and His disciples were eating was lawfully available to them, else the Pharisees would have quickly accused them of theft. The problem was not taking the corn, it was harvesting it on the Sabbath that angered the Pharisees. Christ’s answer shows that the ceremonial law has limits because of its symbolic nature. But the One who fulfills the ceremonial is present, that is, Christ. Then He makes another claim to prerogatives and authority only possessed by God. He claims that He is Lord even of the Sabbath day. It was He who instituted the Sabbath, and it is He who decides how it is to be observed. He defines it.
The same point is made in verses 9-13. But something else is added there. He reminds the people that He created the Sabbath for their good, to be a blessing, not a burden. Therefore it is right and good to do good on the Sabbath. It is important to note that Christ is not negating or canceling the Sabbath. He is simply making two points. First, as God He is Lord of the Sabbath. Second, the Sabbath is for doing good.