November 18, 2012
Scripture and Commentary, Monday after the Twenty-fourth Sunday after Trinity
Morning - Ps. 63, 64, Leviticus 19:1-18, Philippians 1:1-11
Evening - Ps. 56, 57, Deuteronomy 10, Matthew 27:11-26
Commentary, Deuteronomy 10
Moses is recalling events in Israel's journey from Egypt to her present camp on the east side of the Jordan River. He is concerned about showing the providence and grace of God in these events, so he mentions them as they occur to him, not according to a strict chronological order. His point; Israel did not get here by herself. God brought her, often against her own will.
He did not bring her because she was righteous; He brought her because He is gracious. The first eleven verses of the chapter deal with her rebellion into idolatry while Moses was on the Mount receiving God's Law. Called and moved by God to pray and intercede, Moses spent forty days and nights in prayer for Israel. The result, is found in verse 10; "and the Lord hearkened unto me at that time also, and the Lord would not destroy thee."
Verses 12-13 return to the main point of Deuteronomy, faithfulness and obedience to God. It is stated well in verses 12 and 13, beginning with the question, "and now Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee"? The answer encompasses the outward action of keeping the commandments, "walk in all his ways," and the inward attitude of "love him, and to serve the Lord thy God, with all thy heart and with all thy soul."
While verses 1-11 recall the providence and grace of God as the foundation for obedience, verse 14 begins to show the foundation of God's grace is the nature of God Himself. He owns all things, yet He delights in the fathers of Israel, and chose their seed after them, "above all people." Israel has seen His grace with her own eyes (vs. 22) Moses says, paving the way for yet another exhortation to love and obey God.